Pakistan has produced some of the greatest figures in the fields of politics, literature, humanities and military. All of these men and women come from diverse backgrounds and were birthed by this glorious nation. Today, on 14th August, we would like to pay a tribute to these amazing 14 people for making a name for Pakistan in such diverse fields.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Also referred to as Quaid-e-Azam, Jinnah is the most influential and significant personality in the history of Pakistan. He was a lawyer, a politician and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah won the greatest case of all time, when he made Pakistan an independent sovereign state. He served as the leader of All India Muslim League and later the first Governor General of Pakistan.
Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal
Allama Iqbal is the country’s national poet, a philosopher and most importantly, the man whose ideology gave birth to Pakistan. He is said to have inspired the Pakistan Movement. Iqbal is also an internationally acclaimed poet, whose work is inspiring and motivational. He is the most esteemed poet of Urdu and Persian. Without his ideology, Pakistan would not have appeared on the map as an independent country.
Liaqat Ali Khan
He was one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan. A statesman, a lawyer and a political theorist. He served as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and is widely known as Shaheed-e-Millat.
Fatima Jinnah was a close associate and advisor to her older brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah. After independence, she co-founded the Pakistan Women’s Association which played a paramount role in the settlement of the migrants in the newly-formed country.
Abdul Satar Edhi
Abdul Sattar Edhi was cited as ‘the world’s greatest living humanitarian’ by the Huffington Post in 2013. He was a Pakistani philanthropist, social activist, ascetic and humanitarian. Edhi is known as an Angel of Mercy, who dedicated his life to his charitable empire known as the Edhi Foundation. He is a national hero and is considered to be Pakistan’s ‘most respected’ figure.
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan
Dr. Abdul Qadeer is a physicist and a metallurgical engineer, who founded the uranium enrichment program for Pakistan’s atomic bomb project. He made major contributions to molecular morphology as well. Many see him as a national hero for all his work regarding the nuclear advancement in the country.
Dr. Samar Mubarak Mand
Dr. Samar Mubarak is a Pakistani nuclear physicist known for his research in gamma spectroscopy and experimental development of the linear accelerator. He was the director of the test team responsible for the first and successful atomic test performed by Pakistan.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Revered as Quaid-e-Awam, Bhutto was a statesman and the 4th President of Pakistan. He set to rebuild the nation’s confidence and hope for the future. And that he did. He initiated the atomic-bomb program and nationalized Pakistan’s industries. He still remains the country’s most popular leader, a highly influential and respected figure even after his demise.
This legendary singer is one of the greatest and most prominent figures in the history of ghazal singing. Known as the “King of Ghazal” or “Shahanshah-e-Ghazal”, his hauntingly mesmerizing baritone voice rose his fame to international heights. He is still cited as the greatest singer who ever lived.
Muhammad Mahmood Alam
A Pakistani fighter pilot who served with the Pakistan Air Force. He has been awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat for his actions during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. M.M Alam holds the record of having downed five Indian aircraft in less than a minute. One of the bravest and lion-hearted people in the history of Pakistan.
Arfa Abdul Kareem was a Pakistani student and a computer prodigy, who at the mere age of nine became the youngest Microsoft Certified Professional. She received the President’s Pride of Performance award. She represented Pakistan on various international forums. Arfa died at the young age of 16, following cardiac arrest.
Saadat Hassan Manto
Manto was a writer, playwright and author. He is considered to be the greatest writer of short stories in South Asian history. Writer, whose life story became a subject of intense discussion and introspection, a man who wasn’t afraid to write what others turned their backs on.
Dr. Abdus Salam
Dr Abdus Salam was a Pakistani theoretical physicist and a major figure in the 20th Century theoretical physics . He shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in physics with Sheldon Glasgow for his contribution to the electroweak unification Theory. He was the first Pakistani and the first person to receive a Nobel Prize in science and the second from Islamic country to receive any Nobel Prize.
Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize Laureate. She works for the human rights advocacy for education and for women in her native Swat Valley in the province of Northwest Pakistan. Disregarding all the controversy surrounding her, she remains a powerful and influential figure in the fight for Human Rights.